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Retrieved October 22, 2018. Wikipedia The Missing Manual. His artful use of"tions to capture Lincoln's voice. Field studies of olive baboons in Kenya seem to support this hypothesis as it has been observed that dominant individuals tended to have lower cortisol levels in a stable hierarchy than did subdominant individuals. Cohen, Noam (March 5, 2007). The lowest ranking males in the hierarchy also demonstrated high stress levels, suggesting that it is the beta males that gain the most fitness, avoiding stress while still maintaining some of reproductive and nutritional benefits of moderate rank. Yair AmichaiHamburger, Naama Lamdan, Rinat Madiel, Tsahi Hayat, Personality Characteristics of Wikipedia Members, CyberPsychology Behavior, December 1, 2008, 11 (6 679681; doi :.1089/cpb.2007.0225. Stallman (June 20, 2007). As of 17:34, Sunday, May 12, 2019 ( UTC ) The procrastination principle dictates that you should wait for problems to arise before solving them. Wildlife Behavior and Conservation.

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"Evidence of at least two evolutionary lineages in Melipona subnitida (Apidae, Meliponini) suggested by mtDNA variability and geometric morphometrics of forewings". The Wall Street Journal. 39 Citing fears of commercial advertising and lack of control in Wikipedia, users of the Spanish Wikipedia forked from Wikipedia to create the Enciclopedia Libre in February 2002. Linking Documents to Encyclopedic Knowledge Archived February 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Proc. "Changes at Wikipedia: Seeing things". Citation needed, in many bird species the dominant individuals have higher rates of food intake including dark-eyed juncos and oystercatchers. A b Kittur,., Chi,. Lexington (September 24, 2011). "Wikipedia Workload Analysis for Decentralized Hosting". 166 Wikipedia's open structure inherently makes it an easy target for Internet trolls, spammers, and various forms of paid advocacy seen as counterproductive to the maintenance of a neutral and verifiable online encyclopedia. Another aspect that can determine dominance hierarchies is the environment. 49 For other animals, the time spent in the group serves as a determinant of dominance status. "Wikipedia founder admits to serious quality problems". Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, England,. .

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correlated with their age. A b Agence France-Presse (April 29, 2010). Association for Computing Machinery group '07 Conference Proceedings; GroupLens Research, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota. Therefore, the committee does not dictate the content of articles, although it sometimes condemns content changes when it deems the new content violates Wikipedia policies (for example, if the new content is considered biased ). Hafner, Katie (August 19, 2007). Thiel, Thomas (September 27, 2010). "The Wikipedia Factor in US Intelligence". Since it has terabytes of disk space, it can have far more topics than can be covered by any printed encyclopedia. 69 70 A frequently vandalized article can be semi-protected or extended confirmed protected, meaning that only autoconfirmed or extended confirmed editors are able to modify. There is a certain mindset associated with unmoderated Usenet groups.


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Individuals will often weigh the cost of the resource against factors including their age, intelligence, experience, and physical fitness, which can determine the costs to gaining rank. "Interview With Nick Doody and Matt Kirshen". Retrieved alenemor varmt ekstrem porno videoer August 13, 2014. They do this by experiencing flow (i.e., energized focus, full involvement, and enjoyment) and identifying with and gaining status in the Wikipedia community. Subordinates also lose out in shelter and nesting sites. A b Jim Giles (December 2005). Retrieved July 22, 1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link ), massasje jenter østfold lesbian milf accessed July 21, 2014. Watts, Heather.; Holekamp, Kay. Retrieved August 30, 2012. "Doctors' #1 Source for Healthcare norsk eskort oslo escort girls Information: Wikipedia". 52 The October 22, 2013, essay by Tom Simonite in MIT's Technology Review titled "The Decline of Wikipedia" discussed the effect of systemic bias and policy creep on the downward trend in the number of editors. Retrieved November 26, 2012.


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  • Dominance hierarchy is a type of social hierarchy that arises when members of a social group interact, to create a ranking system.
  • In social living groups, members are likely to compete for access to limited resources and mating opportunities.
  • Rather than fighting each time they meet, relative rank is established between members of the same sex.
  • Wikipedia w k p i d i / / w k i p i d i / WIK-ih-PEE-dee-) is a multilingual online encyclopedia with exclusively free content and no ads, based on open collaboration through a model of content edit.
  • Dominance hierarchy is a type of social hierarchy that arises when members of a social group interact, to create a ranking system.

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Volunteers Log Off as Wikipedia Ages, The Wall Street Journal, November 27, 2009. "Female Dominance and Maternal Investment in Strepsirhine Primates". "Wikipedia blasts co-founder's accusations of child porn on website". (2012) Dynamics of Conflicts in Wikipedia, Published June 20, 2012, doi :.1371/journal. Org ( Archived January 3, 2012, at WebCite ) Orlowski, Andrew (September 18, 2006). "Express-News staffer resigns after plagiarism in column is discovered". In hens it has been observed that both dominants and subordinates benefit from a stable hierarchical environment because fewer challenges means more resources can be dedicated to laying eggs. Online encyclopedia Wikipedia has added about 20 million unique monthly visitors in the past year, making it the top online news and information destination, according to Nielsen/NetRatings. 260 Because the two licenses, gfdl and Creative Commons, were incompatible, in November 2008, following the request of the project, the Free Software Foundation (FSF) released a new version of the gfdl designed specifically to allow Wikipedia. 218 219 The perceived toxic attitudes and tolerance of violent and abusive language are also reasons put forth for the gender gap in Wikipedia editors. 222 In May 2014, Wikimedia Foundation named Lila Tretikov as its second executive director, taking over for Sue Gardner. 175 Discouragement in education Most university lecturers discourage students from citing any encyclopedia in academic work, preferring primary sources ; 176 some specifically prohibit Wikipedia citations. Retrieved September 5, 2012. "long Enciclopedia Libre: msg#00008". Resource value: Animals more invested in a resource are likely to invest more in the fight despite potential for incurring higher costs.